عنوان مقاله [English]
In the unanimous decision No. 798 of the General Assembly of the Supreme Court, the employees of private banks, including public service agents, are considered and their seizure of the bank's property and funds is considered illegal. While this criminal behavior can be attributed only to those who have the description and characteristics provided in Article 598 of the 1375 (1996) Islamic Penal Code. Because, the description of "public service agents" mentioned in the mentioned article and other articles of the criminal law, only includes the agents mentioned in the "Law on Trial and Punishment of Public Service Officers approved in 1315 (1936)". The repeal of this law has no effect on changing the concept and examples of this group of employees. Undoubtedly, the legislator has paid attention to that law in all legal articles before 1394 (2015) and has not considered any other concept or example until this date. The meaning and examples of this phrase are clear and there is no ambiguity in it and there is no way that the court, in the position of providing a correct interpretation of the law, can issue a unanimous decision on it. The law is silent about the employees of private banks and the employees of the private sector in general, and based on the principle of legality of crime and punishment, in the silence of the law, there is no place for the Supreme Court to provide an interpretation, but the legislature must assign a task on such an issue. In such cases, the court must base its decision on a verdict of innocence for a unanimous vote to provide a basis for substantive legislation. Therefore, it is not possible to interpret and infer from the phrase "public service agents" a concept and example other than those mentioned in Law 1315 (1936).