نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجو دکتری حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران ،ایران
2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important issues in corporate law is the abuse of rights by partners. Meanwhile, according to the rule of majority, which is the law governing commercial companies, the majority play a pivotal role in the decisions and actions of companies, the result of which can be the abuse of rights and powers in the interests of the minority. In other words, the application of the majority rule involves concentrating the company's forces in the hands of the majority of shareholders, which it can abuse. The research question is through what solutions restrictions can be imposed on the rule of law exercise by the majority so that this rule is not abused. The results of the research show that these solutions can be divided into judicial and non-judicial solutions and in this research only non-judicial solutions to combat abuse of rights in commercial companies have been examined. Non-judicial solutions refer to the agreements of the shareholders within the company, which are made according to the contract. This contract is approved in the form of articles of association in private and public companies, according to which the shareholders conclude agreements with each other and with the board of directors and the managing director. To answer the question, first the concept of abuse of rights and the rule of majority in commercial companies is examined and then non-judicial solutions to prevent abuse of rights are discussed.