نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه سمنان
2 حقوق و علوم سیلسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In terms of status and competence, the Administrative Justice Court can be considered the closest institution to the Oppression Court in Iran and Islam. Based on descriptive-analytical studies, with recognizing the status and competence of the Oppression Court in the legal-judicial structure of Iran and Islam and adapting its characteristics to the Administrative Justice Court in the legal-judicial system of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it was concluded that in different historical periods, the status of the Oppression Court was under the first person of the government or the person appointed by her. Because of this, the Oppression Court has been more strong and independent than the Administrative Justice Court. On the other hand, by predicting the competence of handling all people's complaints against government officials and agents and even disputes between those in power for the Oppression Court, the jurisdiction of that court has been wider than the Administrative Justice Court. Based on the above findings, changing the status of the Administrative Justice Court as an institution under the leadership and within the judiciary and developing its competencies as an institution to handle "all administrative claims" and "claims affected by public authority" can help to promote the status and competence of the Administrative Justice Court.