عنوان مقاله [English]
The Legislative initiative, as a legislative tool at the beginning and inside of the more comprehensive legislative process, is one of the essential issues in the legislative studies law and legislation. Unfortunately, unlike its final product, the law, Iran's legal system has not focused, consistent, and dynamic attention. Therefore, to clarify the importance of this issue and the need to pay more attention to it, based on the existing circumstances, the present study aims to design a desirable model of legislative initiative in Iran legislative studies law by identifying the principles and effective components.
The qualitative research method and thematic analysis had used. The research's data were collected using semi-standard interviews with experts in the field of legislation, elected using the theoretical sampling method. Data were analyzed using the thematic analysis method in the thematic network. Finally, a conceptual model of network measurement had constructed. The qualitative research findings show that the design of the desired model of the legislative initiative includes four comprehensive themes: "comprehension of the concepts, fundamentals, rules, and principles of the legislative initiative"; "Knowledge, expertise and scientific standards in the legislative initiative"; "participation of citizens and utilizing from the mechanisms of civil society"; And is a "specific legislative policy”. In addition, to "validate" the themes and the constructed model, two methods of evaluating the validity of the communicative method and the audit method have been used. To "reliability," two ways of reproducibility and transferability or generalizability have been used.