نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیأت علمی گروه حقوق دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Transactions with the subject of transfer of ownership are one of the social necessities, the document has an important role in proving the realization of these legal acts, which may be formal or ordinary. The principle is that it is not necessary to prepare an official document, except in cases specified by law. The sale and transfer of real estate and letters of gift are among these mandatory cases. In addition, in some other cases, such as the transfer of patents, goodwill, ship transactions, special laws have established the need to prepare an official document. The transfer of car ownership as one of the most common and important transactions in society has recently been the subject of controversy. Transactions of this property did not require official registration, but with the approval of the Law on Investigation of Driving Violations approved in 1398, the official transfer of this property was also established. Due to the provisions of the law, the adequacy of the car ownership document issued by the police and its inadequacy, some consider the requirement to prepare the document in the notary public. The results of the investigation indicate that the document issued by the police force is official and there is no obligation to register it in the notary public offices. This view, in addition to complying with the existing regulations and the unanimous ruling of the Administrative Court of Justice, includes an approach to reducing the cost of transactions and in line with social welfare.