عنوان مقاله [English]
Political leaders, diplomatic missions, judges, lawyers, members of parliament, etc. have special immunities. Government employees also have an undeniable role to play as effective human resources in decision-making, and executive affairs. The main question of the forthcoming research is whether the administrative immunity of government employees is also acceptable or not? The research hypothesis that the absolute immunity of employees is rejected due to the requirements of the rule of law, but aspects of their relative immunity based on the legitimacy of the administration, has a logical justification in the type of relationship between employees and their superiors and their relationship Seen with third parties. This immunity, while being a special privilege for employees, eliminates their absolute irresponsibility and abuse of power by violating the law and its ancillary equipment. Therefore, employees have immunity from superior authorities in terms of professional independence and irresponsibility resulting from their illegal orders, as well as the enjoyment of judicial protection against third parties. Citizens also have the right to be prosecuted by the competent authorities in case of violation of current laws by employees. Hence, this special privilege ensures the independence and dynamism of the administrative structure in parallel with the rule of law and respect for the rights of the citizens concerned.