نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
2 استاد دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شیراز،, شیراز, ایران
3 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The requisite of public administration and complexities of governance result in ad hoc privileges for governments in some particular conditions. Depiction of government place in a legal system and deliberation of its liability borders eventuate in responsibility extent recognizing proportional to administration power enhancement. Based on a bilateral relation among administration and civilians the more responsible government is, the more freedom will be guaranteed. Jurists ascribe adherence of government’s civil liability rules from a specific system to balance making efforts for supporting public interest and protecting administration authorities simultaneously. However, in some cases which incurring a loss governments will not be known liable according to peculiar governance expediency. On the other hand, continuation of social life and importance of public order retaining need to government intercede on restitution. Whereas exemption zones are not numerous, we can talk about absolute exemption in some scopes of governance and limited ones in others.