عنوان مقاله [English]
Relationship of civil servants and political authorities and sphere of powers of both in administration and policy-making is one of main issues of the contemporary governance. There is no doubt that politics is not administration and a politician is different with a public servant. Therefore, it seems there is no problem to distinguish politics from administration. Nevertheless, specification of exact boundaries of the two spheres and its cause is not clear. This dichotomy is not founded on a priori logic; but it is a fact in the most of modern states. Therefore, in view of conceptual, institutional and individual actors, there is a separation as well as overlapping between politics and administration that being debated in the article with a descriptive method. According to author, norms specified at a democratic constitution and emphasis it gives to values such as justice, democracy, responsibility, autonomy and morality provides sufficient evidences for keeping this demarcation and simultaneously makes an interaction between the two spheres. Although the way of demarcating and specification of points of distinction, overlapping and interaction between the two spheres of 'governing and service' depends on characteristics of constitutionalism and administrative tradition of states.